The Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west,Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. There are over 500 ethnic groups in Nigeria, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.
Nigeria is roughly divided in half between Christians, who mostly live in the South and central parts of the country, and Muslims, concentrated mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice traditional and local religions, including the Igbo and Yorubareligions.
Nigeria is referred to by some as "the Giant of Africa", due to both its large population, and its large economy. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has been identified as a regional power, it also has regional hegemony, and major influence within its region
Nigeria boasts of a number of museums and monuments, games reserve and other natural and historical sights to see.
Tourist sites in Nigeria include festivals and cultural celebrations (such as Durbar festivals), the nation's national parks (such as Old Oyo,Yankari, and Cross River National Parks), and other geographical sites (such as Aso Rock, Abuja.) By far the most outstanding tourist zone is the Mambilla Plateau in Taraba State. Tourism Minister Edem Duke rightly described the Mambilla Plateau as Nigeria's 'Crown Jewel of Tourism
There is the National Museum in Lagos, with branches in Jos, Benin and Kaduna. There are also the Ife Museum, the Oron Museum, the Esie Museum, the Kano Museum, the Owo Museum, The War Museum in Umuahia and the Calabar Museum.
A museum of Black and African culture is housed at the Centre for Black African Arts and Civilisation (CBAAC) at the National Theatre, Iganmu, Lagos.
The games reserves include;
Yankari, Ologbo, Old Oyo, Borgu, Orle River, Zugurma, Dagida, Alawa, Kwambana and the Kainji Lake Game Reserve.
Other interesting sights are;
the Shere Hills, Jos;
Ikogosi Warm and Cold Spring in Ekiti State;
Obudu Cattle Ranch in the Cross River State;
Kura Falls in Plateau State;
Asorp Falls in Benue State; the
Oshun River and Shrine in Oshogbo, Oshun State and
the Argungu Village in Sokoto State, especially during the fishing festival;
the first storey-building in Nigeria and the slave chains of the slave trade era are all located in Badagry, Lagos State. and so on.